In continuation to my previous posts
An Introduction to Infopath 2010 - Part-1 - An Overview
An Introduction to Infopath 2010 - Part-2 - Creating Basic Forms
In this post we will see how easily we can create Cascading Dropdown controls in Infopath 2010 Desinger tool.
Infopath 2010 made our job more easy by providing this functionality out-of-the-box. Now we will see a sample for creating a form to demonstrate the Cascading Dropdown functionality.
Step-1: Creating a Sample Form
Create a sample form as shown in the following picture with two dropdown list controls for Country and State.
Step-2: Creating an XML file
For this example we are considering xml as a data source. Following is the xml format for storing the Country and State data:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<country displaytext="India" displayvalue="India">
<state displaytext="Karnataka" displayvalue="Karnataka"/>
<state displaytext="Andhra" displayvalue="AP"/>
<state displaytext="Maharastra" displayvalue="Mumbai"/>
<country displaytext="US" displayvalue="US">
<state displaytext="Alabama" displayvalue="1"/>
<state displaytext="Alaska" displayvalue="2"/>
<state displaytext="Arizona" displayvalue="3"/>
<state displaytext="Arkansas" displayvalue="4"/>
<state displaytext="California" displayvalue="5"/>
<state displaytext="Colorado" displayvalue="6"/>
<state displaytext="Connecticut" displayvalue="7"/>
<state displaytext="Delaware" displayvalue="8"/>
<state displaytext="Dist Columbia" displayvalue="9"/>
<state displaytext="Florida" displayvalue="10"/>
<state displaytext="Georgia" displayvalue="11"/>
<state displaytext="Hawaii" displayvalue="12"/>
<state displaytext="Idaho" displayvalue="13"/>
<country displaytext="China" displayvalue="China">
<state displaytext="Anhui" displayvalue="1"/>
<state displaytext="Beijing" displayvalue="2"/>
<state displaytext="Fujian" displayvalue="3"/>
<state displaytext="Gansu" displayvalue="4"/>
Save this xml content in a file and name the file as "Country_State_List.xml"
Step-3: Adding XML as Resource File to Infopath form
Now we will add the file what we created in the Step-2 as a resource file to Infopath form. To add a resource file, Select Data -> Resourse Files as shown in the picture:
Step-4: Creating Data Source
Now we will create a new data source, in our case data source is an xml file which is available as a resource file. To add a data source, Select Data -> From Other Source -> From XML file. While selecting XML file, we have to select it from the Resource Files. Following picture shows the steps to follow:
After this step, a data connection with the name is available in the form as shown below. This is just a verify the data connection.
If the new data connection is not available as show in the picture, please follow the above steps again.
Step-5: Mapping Data Source to Field Controls
Final step is to map the data source to the corresponding combobox (Country and State).
Map the Country Combobox as shown in the following image:
Similarly Map the State Combobox as shown in the following image:
Finally we have to add the filter for the State Combobox to display only the States Associated to the select Country in the Country Combobox. Following image shows how to add the filter (with a black circle on the field):
yup, we are done with the cascading dropdowns setup with a xml datasource. Now we can preview the form by selecting Home -> Preview tab. Following image shows the preview of the same:
Please note that we can use same sample for any other data source like MS-Access, SQL Server or Web Service.